In 1950, a group of personalities, including Paul Delouvrier, Michel Debré and René Seydoux, got together with Philippe Viannay, founding father of the "Défense de la France" resistance movement, with the idea of setting up international education and exchange centres. The FIAP association was founded by Paul Delouvrier in 1962. Its purpose: to help build a Europe that would be open to the rest of the world, to combat racism and to foster cultural exchanges among young people around the world. The centre was opened in the heart of Paris in 1968. In 1988, the association was renamed Jean Monnet, as a tribute to one of Europe's founding fathers.